My research approach involves direct implications for the clinical-psychological work and therapeutic and psychosomatic practice. In addition to my three main research areas, I also conduct research in the fields of partnership, sexuality, psychosomatic aspects of reproductive medicine and attachment as well as research about healthcare professions (psychology, medicine, etc.).
Research focus 1: E-MENTAL HEALTH
he clinical and research field of E-mental health describes the use of modern media within the complete spectrum of clinical psychological intervention. This includes its use within prevention, self-help, counselling, therapy, and rehabilitation.
The most prominent media intervention form is the Internet, even though a host of other media forms such as virtual reality technologies, apps, and computer games can be employed as treatment modalities. E-mental health also represents a growing research field that aims to examine clinically relevant effects of media use.
Among such effects are a number of Internet related disorders and problems including; addictive, dysfunctional, self-harming and deviant uses of modern media.
Eichenberg, C. & Hübner, L. (2018). Psychoanalyse via Internet: Ein Überblick zum aktuellen Stand der Diskussion um Möglichkeiten und Grenzen. Psychotherapeut, 63(4), 283–290. DOI: 10.1007 / s00278-018‑0294–0
Eichenberg, C., Schott, M., Sawyer, A., Aumayr, G. & Plössnig, M. (2018). Feasibility and Conceptualization of an e-Mental Health Treatment for Depression in Older Adults: Mixed-Methods Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research – Aging, 1(2):e10973, DOI: 10.2196/10973.
Eichenberg, C., Schott, M., Decker, O. & Sindelar, B. (2017). Attachment style and internet addiction: An Online Survey. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 19(5):e170. DOI: 10.2196/jmir.6694. (Impact Factor: 4.7)
Eichenberg, C. & Schott, M. (2017). Serious Games for Psychotherapy: A Systematic Review. Games for Health, 3, 127–135. (Impact Factor: 1.88)
Eichenberg, C., Grabmayer, G. & Green, N. (2016). A survey of therapists’ and patients’ attitudes towards serious games in psychotherapy. Telemedicine and e-Health, April 5th. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2016.0001 (Impact Factor: 1.79)
Eichenberg, C. & Schott, M. (2016). An Empirical Analysis of Internet Message Boards for Self-Harming Behavior. Archives of Suicide Research, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13811118.2016.1259597. (Impact Factor: 1.64)
Eichenberg, C., Wolters, C. & Brähler, E. (2013). The internet as a Menal Health Advisor in Germany- Results of a National Survey. PLOS ONE, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0079206 (Impact Factor: 4.49)
Current research projects:
- An international comparison of the acceptance and use of Serious Games within health services.
- Serious Games: Prevention of Stress for the Medical Staff of the German Federal Armed Forces
- Internet/Smartphone addiction and attachment style.
- The relationship between taking selfies and psychological and clinical aspects of personality.
- Changes in couple and family relationships in the age of digital media
- Psychoanalysis online
- Robotic in Medicine, Psychology, Psychosomatics, and Psychotherapy
Research focus 2: PSYCHOTHERAPY RESEARCH
sychotherapy research concerns itself with the effectiveness and work mechanisms of psychotherapeutic treatment modalities that are embedded within an ethical framework. Consequently it has established itself as the field of “psychotherapy success research”.
Freud noted the importance of failure for personal development. This statement can also be applied to the subject of psychotherapy research in that there is as much to learn from unsuccessful therapy attempts as there is from success research. However the examination of unsuccessful therapy is currently underdeveloped both in academic research and clinical practice.
Risks and side effects relate to various problem areas within psychotherapy (therapy adherence, non-responders, worsening of psychological symptoms, aberration in the therapeutic alliance, and malpractice). It is therefore essential that psychotherapy “failure research” is given the same priority as the effectiveness of treatment modalities.
Eichenberg, C. & Herzberg, P.Y. (2016). Do Therapists Google Their Patients? A Survey Among Psychotherapists. J Med Internet Res, 18 (1):e3. DOI: 10.2196/jmir.4306. (Impact Factor: 4.7)
Eichenberg, C., Becker-Fischer, M. & Fischer, G. (2010). Sexual Assaults in Therapeutic Relationships: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Consequences. Health, 12 (9), 1018–1026. (Impact Factor: 0.76)
Current research projects:
- Lead researcher for an international research project focusing on the concept of patient-targeted-googling (PTG) and therapist-targeted googling (TTG) among clinicians and service users in the US, Ireland, New Zealand, Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
- Attachement Styles and Babies with Feeding Disorders
- Self-disclosure in counselling
Research-Focus 3: PSYCHOTRAUMATOLOGY
sychotraumatology examines psychological trauma in terms of its development, course and long-term effects. The area of research is now differentiated into general and differential psychotraumatology, as well as specialist psychotraumatology. General psychotraumatology focuses on the general aspects of trauma and resulting behaviours, while differential psychotraumatology concerns itself with inter/individual and inter/situational differences and dispositions of trauma experience and processing.
Specialist psychotraumatology investigates typical trauma related situations such as violent crime and childhood sexual abuse. The body of research does not just concentrate on victims, but also professionals who work with victims. As such I have written teaching books for students, essays in relevant journals, as well as educational works about trauma related disorders for medical professionals (e.g. for general physicians). Another focus of my work concentrates on E-mental health and trauma;
in particular research questions relating to the secondary prevention of PTSD as well as trauma related disorders that have resulted from Internet violence (Cyberbullying) and how these disorders can be best treated. As such I have written teaching books for students, essays in relevant journals, as well as educational works about trauma related disorders for medical professionals (e.g. for general physicians). Another focus of my work concentrates on E-mental health and trauma; in particular research questions relating to the secondary prevention of PTSD as well as trauma related disorders that have resulted from Internet violence (Cyberbullying) and how these disorders can be best treated.
Current research projects:
- Trauma as an aetiological factor in takotsubo cardiomyopathy (Cardiology)
- Sexual abuse in psychotherapy